各国商务礼仪知识

日本商务文化礼仪

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去日本应注意什么商务文化礼仪呢?

下面就介绍一些这方面的注意事项:

“商务文化注意事项”有8项:

一、商务文化注意事项

 

1.在第一次见面互相介绍时递上名片,名片最好是用日语和英语双语。注意要用双手递,也用双手接名片。接到名片后认真阅读以后,小心翼翼地收好。Business cards are usually exchanged upon introductions. It is advisable to have yours printed in both English and Japanese. Use both hands to both present and receive cards. Read the card carefully before putting it away.

2.鞠躬是日本人见面打招呼的传统习惯,但也习惯于握手。如果对方向你鞠躬,你也要向对方鞠躬,深度应与对方相当或者稍微深一些——因为鞠躬的深度标志着你与对方在地位上的差别。The Japanese are accustomed to shaking hands upon greeting, though bowing is traditional and sometimes used as well. If your are bowed to, return the gesture by bowing either to the same depth or lower - the depth of your bow is indicative of the status relationship between you and your counterpart.

3.商务约会一定要提前确定,准时抵达。Make business appointments in advance and be punctual.

4.与日本人见面时使用敬体,比如与山田先生或者山田女生见面时应该称对方为“山田桑”。Conser using the honorific suffix san when addressing people when introduced: Mr. or Ms. Yamada can be addressed as Yamada-san.

5.娱乐是商务交往中的重要内容,一般是在下班时间去酒吧或者餐馆。在这种场合虽然也可能涉及商务,但主要是建立友好关系。Entertainment is an important part of business arrangements and usually takes place after business hours at a bar or restaurant. Although business may be discussed, these outings are primarily occasions for building friendships.

6.注意日本人不喜欢当众否决别人的意见,他们不说“不”,但是用一个不那么坚决和真诚的“是”来表示“不”的意思。Be aware that the Japanese try not to disagree openly. They may avo saying "no" by giving an unenthusiastic "yes."

7.商务礼品在日本非常重要。礼物必须包装,一般在第一次见面时呈上。Business gifts are very important in Japan. The gifts should always be wrapped and are often presented at first business meetings.

8.商务穿着偏正式和保守。男人穿西服,女人也要着套装。Business dress is formal and conservative. Men should wear a suit and women should wear either a dress or a suit.

二、日常文化注意事项:

1. 大部分日本人在谈话间避免与对方目光对视。Most Japanese people avo direct eye contact during conversations.

2.在于日本人交谈时,只有你肯定对方已经结婚并有孩子的情况下才可问及对方的配偶和孩子。如果向没有结婚或没有生育的人问侯配偶和孩子会让日本人感到尴尬。Only ask people about their spouse or children if you are sure your conversational partner is married/has children. Asking unmarried people about a spouse or childless people about children may embarrass a Japanese person. 

3. 进日本人家里的时候,一般来说要脱鞋,将鞋尖对着门口的方向,可模仿主人的动作。When entering a Japanese home, it is customary to remove shoes and position them facing the door. Follow your host's example .

4.使用筷子吃饭时,不要用筷子指人,也不要把筷子插在米饭碗里。If using chopsticks, avo using them to point at someone and do not leave them sticking up in a bowl of rice.

5.给日本人送礼时,日本人一般不会当面拆开礼物。The Japanese do not usually open gifts when they are presen ted.

6.如果被邀请到日本人家做客,一般可以带巧克力、饼干或者糕点作为礼物。最好在大型超市购买礼物,并且包装。It is customary to bring chocolate, cookies or cakes when invited to a Japanese home. Purchasing them in a department store where they will be wrapped is recommended.

 

 

 

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